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Ceramic tile is a popular flooring because its durable, versatile, bacteria-resistant, moisture and stain resistant, and low maintenance. Ceramic tiles are made of natural clay, sand, and water. The mixture is put into molds and hardened by “cooking” the tiles in a kiln using high heat to remove most of the moisture. Usually the tiles are then glazed, which means adding a waterproof layer to the tiles. It is also possible to get textured tiles, which are designed to be non- slip for use in kitchens and bathrooms to help prevent falls.
Unglazed floor tiles are monochrome, getting their particular color from the clay or minerals added to the mixture before going into the kiln. In general, unglazed tile shows wear and tear less than glazed tile and will last longer in higher traffic areas like foyers.
Glazing the tile requires a second firing and it is during that process where the tile maker can incorporate texture or a design, Glazed ceramic tiles-which come in a variety of colors, designs, sizes, and shapes-can be used as flooring in almost any room of your house or in other ways including to cover walls, ceilings, countertops, showers, and backsplashes, Ceramic tile floors can also be made to look like wood or stone.
Porcelain tile is a type of ceramic tile that is very hard and exceptionally durable. They are made with porcelain clay and various minerals then cooked at very high temperatures, which makes them extremely moisture resistant. Porcelain is the hardest tile available.
While all tile may feel hard, there are differences depending on a number of factors such as thickness, the tile’s composition, how long the file is cooked in the kiln, and the temperature used. To help determine whether a particular tile you are considering is appropriate for a particular location, every tile has a hardness rating, The PEl Scale was established by the Porcelain Enamel Institute to help consumers identify the right tiles to buy for their intended use.
Class O.Recommended for walls or extremely light traffic areas
Class 1. Residential and commercial wall and where barefoot traffic is typical
Class II. Wall and residential bath floor and soft soled traffic. not recommended for kitchens, entries, or stairwells.
Class III. All residential floors and light commercial floors Class N. Medium commercial, light industrial and institutional Class V. Extra heavy traffic. These tiles can be used anywhere